The Seven Rhetorics of Play: 

  1. Play as progress
  2. Play as fate
  3. Play as power
  4. Play as identity
  5. Play as the imaginary
  6. Rhetoric of the self
  7. Play as frivolous

Defintions of play: 

  1. definitions by players of their own play experiences and functions
  2. definitions by theorists of intrinsic play functions – players game-related motives for playing
  3. definitions by theorists of extrinsic play functions – the forms of play in terms of the functions they are supposed to serve in the larger culture.

Sutton-Smith, Brian., (1997) “Play and ambiguity” from Sutton-Smith, Brian., The ambiguity of play pp.1-17, Cambridge, Mass. ; London: Harvard University Press